The Brazilian Economy Introduced
The Brazilian economy is by far the largest in South America and it has grown to the point that it is now one of the world's largest as well. This has been quite an achievement for the country as a few years ago Brazil was facing a real financial crisis. The government's spending was out of control and debt was a real problem. There was a point at which it looked like the only way that Brazil would be able to pay its debts would be to devalue the currency. The result was that most investors abandoned the country and it looked like Brazil would stop its economic growth. But then the government got its act together and cut spending and made a serious attempt to get its debt back under control. The result is that Brazil now has the most stable economy in the region.
Brazil is one of those countries that is in the middle of going through the change from being a third world country to being an industrialized country. In the past the Brazilian economy depended almost entirely on resource extraction and agriculture. However the country has now expanded and does a great deal of manufacturing as well. The service sector is also strong since Brazil is the banking center of the region.
The traditional industries of mineral extraction and agriculture will continue to be important for Brazil for many years to come. The country is very large and blessed with a large supply of natural resources, particularly oil. While other sectors of the economy are growing quite quickly they are still a long way behind the natural resource sector, it will take years before they catch up.
There are some issues that the Brazilian economy is going to have to deal with. The biggest is the massive inequality in the country. There are some very wealthy people and a large number of very poor. This is a problem that is going to have to be addressed. It is hard to see how the economic growth can continue unless the majority of people benefit from it. Part of the problem with this inequality is the massive amount of crime and corruption in the country. This has been a drag on the economy and will need to be addressed.
Like most countries that are just making the move to being industrialized Brazil's environmental track record is not good. The biggest concern has been the cutting down of the rain forest in order to create more farm land or to extract resources. This has given the country an international black eye and is going to need to be addressed if the economy is going to grow. There are also issues with pollution as the manufacturing sector grows. Part of the problem is that the money to deal with these problems isn't available. That is going to make it hard to come up with solutions to the environmental problems.